Single-chain protein mimetics of the N-terminal heptad-repeat region of gp41 with potential as anti-HIV-1 drugs
Crespillo S, Cámara-Artigas A, Casares S, Morel B, Cobos ES, Mateo PL, Mouz N, Martin CE, Roger MG, El Habib R, Su B, Moog C, Conejero-Lara F.
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2014 Dec 23; 111: 18207.
uring HIV-1 fusion to the host cell membrane, the N-terminal heptad repeat (NHR) and the C-terminal heptad repeat (CHR) of the envelope subunit gp41 become transiently exposed and accessible to fusion inhibitors or Abs. In this process, the NHR region adopts a trimeric coiled-coil conformation that can be a target for therapeutic intervention. Here, we present an approach to rationally design single-chain protein constructs that mimic the NHR coiled-coil surface [….]