Aparicio D, Scheffer MP, Marcos-Silva M, Vizarraga D, Sprankel L, Ratera M, Weber MS, Seybert A, Torres-Puig S, Gonzalez-Gonzalez L, Reitz J, Querol E, Pinol J, Pich OQ, Fita I, Frangakis AS.
Nat Commun 2020 Jun; 11: 2877.
ycoplasma genitalium is a human pathogen adhering to host target epithelial cells and causing urethritis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease. Essential for infectivity is a transmembrane adhesion complex called Nap comprising proteins P110 and P140. Here we report the crystal structure of P140 both alone and in complex with the N-terminal domain of P110. By cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and tomography (cryo-ET) we find closed and open Nap conformations, determined at 9.8 and 15 A, respectively. Both crystal structures and the cryo-EM structure are found in a closed conformation, where the sialic acid binding site in P110 is occluded. By contrast, the cryo-ET structure shows an open conformation, where the binding site is accessible. Structural information, in combination with functional studies, suggests a mechanism for attachment and release of M. genitalium to and from the host cell receptor, in which Nap conformations alternate to sustain motility and guarantee infectivity.
PubMed: 32513917. Doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16511-2. OPEN Free PMC