The C-terminal domain of Kv1.3 regulates functional interactions with the KCNE4 subunit
Solé L, Roig SR, Vallejo-Gracia A, Serrano-Albarrás A, Martínez-Mármol R, Tamkun MM, Felipe A.
J Cell Sci 2016 Nov.; 129: 4265.
he voltage-dependent K+
channel Kv1.3 (also known as KCNA3), which plays crucial roles in leukocytes, physically interacts with KCNE4. This interaction inhibits the K+
currents because the channel is retained within intracellular compartments. Thus, KCNE subunits are regulators of K+
channels in the immune system. Although the canonical interactions of KCNE subunits with Kv7 channels are under intensive investigation, the molecular determinants governing the important Kv1.3- KCNE4 association in the immune system are unknown. Our results suggest that the tertiary structure of the C-terminal domain of Kv1.3 is necessary and sufficient for such an interaction. However, this element is apparently not involved in modulating Kv1.3 gating. Furthermore, the KCNE4-dependent intracellular retention of the channel, which negatively affects the activity of Kv1.3, is mediated by two independent and additive mechanisms. First, KCNE4 masks the YMVIEE signature at the C-terminus of Kv1.3, which is crucial for the surface targeting of the channel. Second, we identify a potent endoplasmic reticulum retention motif in KCNE4 that further limits cell surface expression. Our results define specific molecular determinants that play crucial roles in the physiological function of Kv1.3 in leukocytes.
PubMed: 27802162. Doi: 10.1242/jcs.191650