The structure of the complex between α-tubulin, TBCE and TBCB reveals a tubulin dimer dissociation mechanism
Serna M, Carranza G, Martín-Benito J, Janowski R, Canals A, Coll M, Zabala JC, Valpuesta JM.
J Cell Sci. 2015 May; 128: 1824. [Epub 23 April 2015].
ubulin proteostasis is regulated by a group of molecular chaperones termed tubulin cofactors (TBC). Whereas tubulin heterodimer formation is well-characterized biochemically, its dissociation pathway is not clearly understood. Here, we carried out biochemical assays to dissect the role of the human TBCE and TBCB chaperones in α-tubulin-β-tubulin dissociation. We used electron microscopy and image processing to determine the three-dimensional structure of the human TBCE, TBCB and α-tubulin (αEB) complex, which is formed upon α-tubulin-β-tubulin heterodimer dissociation by the two chaperones. Docking the atomic structures of domains of these proteins, including the TBCE UBL domain, as we determined by X-ray crystallography, allowed description of the molecular architecture of the αEB complex. We found that heterodimer dissociation is an energy-independent process that takes place through a disruption of the α-tubulin-β-tubulin interface that is caused by a steric interaction between β-tubulin and the TBCE cytoskeleton-associated protein glycine-rich (CAP-Gly) and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains. The protruding arrangement of chaperone ubiquitin-like (UBL) domains in the αEB complex suggests that there is a direct interaction of this complex with the proteasome, thus mediating α-tubulin degradation.
PubMed: 25908846. Doi: 10.1242/jcs.167387