Morin…Ibarra {Nucleic Acids Res 43: 3643}

Mechano-chemical kinetics of DNA replication: identification of the translocation step of a replicative DNA polymerase. Morin, et al. Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Apr 20;43(7):3643-52. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv204.
Maxwell's demon controlling the stepping of a DNA polymerase molecule. In real DNA polymerases, binding of the next correct nucleotide plays the role of Maxwell's demon, by pinning the fluctuating polymerase in the post-translocation state -and the second law of thermodynamics is certainly not violated.