Garcia-Nafria J, Nehme R, Edwards PC, Tate CG.
Nature 2018 Jun; 558: 620.
-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest family of receptors encoded by the human genome (around 800 genes). They transduce signals by coupling to a small number of heterotrimeric G proteins (16 genes encoding different alpha-subunits). Each human cell contains several GPCRs and G proteins. The structural determinants of coupling of Gs to four different GPCRs have been elucidated(1-4), but the molecular details of how the other G-protein classes couple to GPCRs are unknown. Here we present the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the serotonin 5-HT1B receptor (5-HT1BR) bound to the agonist donitriptan and coupled to an engineered Go heterotrimer. In this complex, 5-HT1BR is in an active state; the intracellular domain of the receptor is in a similar conformation to that observed for the beta2-adrenoceptor (beta2AR) (3) or the adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) (1) in complex with Gs. In contrast to the complexes with Gs, the gap between the receptor and the Gbeta-subunit in the Go-5-HT1BR complex precludes molecular contacts, and the interface between the Galpha-subunit of Go and the receptor is considerably smaller. These differences are likely to be caused by the differences in the interactions with the C terminus of the Go alpha-subunit. The molecular variations between the interfaces of Go and Gs in complex with GPCRs may contribute substantially to both the specificity of coupling and the kinetics of signalling.
PubMed: 29925951. Doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0241-9. Free PMC article