Dynamic interplay between catalytic and lectin domains of GalNAc-transferases modulates protein O-glycosylation
Lira-Navarrete E, de Las Rivas M, Compañón I, Pallarés MC, Kong Y, Iglesias-Fernández J, Bernardes GJ, Peregrina JM, Rovira C, Bernadó P, Bruscolini P, Clausen H, Lostao A, Corzana F, Hurtado-Guerrero R.
Nat Commun. 2015 May; 6:6937.
rotein O-glycosylation is controlled by polypeptide GalNAc-transferases (GalNAc-Ts) that uniquely feature both a catalytic and lectin domain. The underlying molecular basis of how the lectin domains of GalNAc-Ts contribute to glycopeptide specificity and catalysis remains unclear. Here we present the first crystal structures of complexes of GalNAc-T2 with glycopeptides that together with enhanced sampling molecular dynamics simulations demonstrate a cooperative mechanism by which the lectin domain enables free acceptor sites binding of glycopeptides into the catalytic domain. Atomic force microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering experiments further reveal a dynamic conformational landscape of GalNAc-T2 and a prominent role of compact structures that are both required for efficient catalysis. Our model indicates that the activity profile of GalNAc-T2 is dictated by conformational heterogeneity and relies on a flexible linker located between the catalytic and the lectin domains. Our results also shed light on how GalNAc-Ts generate dense decoration of proteins with O-glycans.
PubMed: 25939779. Doi: 10.1038/ncomms7937